The Tian Research Group

Selected Publications

*, co-first authorship; bold, co-corresponding authorship (Tian lab members)


Year 2024:

  • C. W. Yang, Z. Cheng, P. J. Li, B. Z. Tian, Exploring present and future directions in nano-enhanced optoelectronic neuromodulation. Accounts of Chemical Research, 2024, in press. 


  • P. J. Li, S. Kim, B. Z. Tian, Nano-Bioelectronics: Beyond 25 years of Biomedical Innovation. Device, 2024, in press. 


  • P. J. Li, B. Z. Tian, Printed circuit boards made greener. Nature Sustainability, 2024, DOI: 10.1038/s41893-024-01328-4 (News and Views), in press. 


  • J. Y. Shi*, S. Kim*, P. J. Li, F. Y. Dong, C. W. Yang, B. Nam, C. Han, E. Eig, L. L. Shi, S. M. Niu, J. P. Yue, B. Z. Tian, Active biointegrated living electronics for managing inflammation. Science, 2024, in press.


  • P. J. Li, J. Zhang, H. Hayashi, J. P. Yue, W. Li, C. W. Yang, C. X. Sun, J. Y. Shi, J. Huberman-Shlaes, N. Hibino, B. Z. Tian, Monolithic silicon for high-spatiotemporal translational photostimulation. Nature, 2024, DOI: 10.1038/s41586-024-07016-9. Link

Highlight from Nature: Light can restore a heart’s rhythm

Highlight from Nature Reviews Bioengineering: Photoelectrochemical stimulation of the heart

Highlight from NIH: Wireless, light-powered pacemaker shines bright in animal study

Highlight from C&EN: New wireless pacemaker is powered by light

Video Tutorial for the General Public


Video Tutorial for the Scientific Community


  • X. Huang*, L. Y. Meng*, G. Cao, A. Prominski, Y. F. Hu, C. W. Yang, M. Chen, J. Y. Shi, C. Gallagher, T. Cao, J. P. Yue, J. Huang, B. Z. Tian. Multimodal probing of T cell recognition with hexapod heterostructures. Nature Methods, 2024, DOI: 10.1038/s41592-023-02165-7. Link

Research briefing: A biomimetic robotic antigen-presenting system for sensitive T cell recognition. 


  • J. Y. Shi*, Y. L. Lin*, P. J. Li, P. Mickel, C. X. Sun, K. Parekh, J. C. Ma, S. Kim, B. Ashwood, L. Y. Meng, Y. Q. Luo, S. Chen, H.-M. Tsai, C. M. Cham, J. Zhang, Z. Cheng, J. A. Abu-Halimah, J. W. Chen, P. Griffin, E. B. Chang, P. Král, J. P. Yue, B. Z. Tian. Monolithic-to-focal evolving biointerfaces in tissue regeneration and bioelectronics. Nature Chemical Engineering, 2024, 1, 73–86 (2024). Link

Highlight from Nature: Sticky gels designed for tissue-healing therapies and diagnostics

Behind the paper by Jiuyun Shi: Biointerfaces Evolving with Living Systems


Year 2023:

  • N. Li, Y. H. Li, Z. Cheng, Y. D. Liu, Y. H. Dai, S. Kang, S. S. Li, N. S. Shan, S. Wai, A. Ziaja, Y. F. Wang, J. Strzalka, W. Liu, C. Zhang, X. D. Gu, J. A. Hubbell, B. Z. Tian, S. H. Wang. Bioadhesive polymer semiconductors and transistors for intimate biointerfaces. Science, 2023, DOI: 10.1126/science.adg8758. Link
  • Y. L. Lin*, J. Y. Shi*, W. Feng*, J. P. Yue, Y. Q. Luo, S. Chen, B. Yang, Y. W. Jiang, H. C. Hu, C. K. Zhou, F. Y. Shi, A. Prominski, D. V. Talapin, W. Xiong, X. Gao, B. Z. Tian. Periplasmic biomineralization for semi-artificial photosynthesis. Science Advances, 2023, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.adg5858. Link


  • Y. TanR. C. CoyleR. W. BarrsS. E. SilverM. LiD. J. RichardsY. L. LinY. W. JiangH. J. WangD. R MenickK. Deleon-PennellB. Z. TianY. Mei. Nanowired human cardiac organoid transplantation enables highly efficient and effective recovery of infarcted hearts. Science Advances, 2023, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.adf2898. Link


Year 2022:

  • Y. L. Lin*, X. Gao*, J. P. Yue*, Y. Fang*, J. Y. Shi, L. Y. Meng, C. Clayton, X.-X. Zhang., F. Y. Shi, J. J. Deng, S. Chen, Y. Jiang, F. Marin, J. T. Hu, H.-M. Tsai, Q. Tu, E. W. Roth, R. Bleher, X. Q. Chen, P. Griffin, Z. H. Cai, A. Prominski, T. W. Odom, B. Z. Tian. A Soil-Inspired Dynamically Responsive Chemical System for Microbial Modulation. Nature Chemistry, 2022, DOI: 10.1038/s41557-022-01064-2. Link
  • A. Thalhammer, M. Fontanini, J. Y. Shi, D. Scaini, L. Recupero, A. Evtushenko, Y. Fu, S. Pavagada, A. Bistrovic-popov, L. Fruk, B. Z. Tian, L. Ballerini. Distributed interfacing by nanoscale photodiodes enables single-neuron light activation and sensory enhancement in 3D spinal explants. Science Advances, 2022, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abp925. Link
  • A. Prominski, J. Y. Shi, P. J. Li, J. P. Yue, Y. L. Lin, J. Park, B. Z. Tian, M. Y. Rotenberg. Porosity-based heterojunctions enable leadless optoelectronic modulation of tissues. Nature Materials, 2022, DOI: 10.1038/s41563-022-01249-7. Link


Year 2021:

  • Z. F. Ye, A. Prominski, B. Z. Tian, G. Galli. Probing the electronic properties of the electrified silicon/water interface by combining simulations and experiments, PNAS,
  • Y. Fang, X. Yang, Y. L. Lin, J. Y. Shi, A. Prominski, C. Clayton, E. Ostroff, B. Z. Tian. Dissecting biological and synthetic soft-hard interfaces for tissue-like systems, Chemical Reviews, 2021, 10.1021/acs.chemrev.1c00365, and the video.


Year 2020:

  • Y. Fang*, A. Prominski*, M. Y. Rotenberg*, L. Y. Meng*, H. A. Ledesma*, Y. Lv, J. P. Yue, E. Schaumann, J. Jeong, N. Yamamoto, Y. W. Jiang, B. Elbaz, W. Wei, B. Z. Tian, Micelle-enabled self-assembly of porous and monolithic carbon membranes for bioelectronic interfaces. Nature Nanotechnology, 2020. Link  Also see: A. Prominski, Bioelectronic modulation with porous and monolithic carbon membranes (Behind-the-paper). Link


  • V. Nair*, J. Yi*, D. Isheim, M. Rotenberg, L. Y. Meng, F. Y. Shi, X. Q. Chen, X. Gao, A. Prominski, Y. W. Jiang, J. P. Yue, C. T. Gallagher, D. N. Seidman, B. Z. Tian, Laser writing of nitrogen-doped silicon carbide for biological modulation. Science Advances, 2020, 6 (34), eaaz2743. Link
  • Y. Fang*, L. Y. Meng*, A. Prominski*, E. N. Schaumann*, M. Seebald, B. Z. Tian, Recent advances in bioelectronics chemistry. Chemical Society Reviews, 2020, DOI: 10.1039/d0cs00333f. (Invited Review). Link
  • X. Gao*, Y. W. Jiang*, Y. L. Lin*, K.-H. Kim., Y. Fang, J. Yi, L. Y. Meng. H.-C. Lee, Z. Y. Lu, O. Leddy, R. Zhang, Q. Tu, W. Feng, V. Nair, P. J. Griffin, F. Y. Shi, G. S. Shekhawat, A. R. Dinner, H.-G. Park, and B. Z. Tian, Structured silicon for revealing transient and integrated signal transductions in microbial systems. Science Advances, 2020, 6, eaay2760. Link
  • Y. Fang*, E. Han*, X.-X. Zhang*, Y. W. Jiang*, Y. L. Lin, J. Y. Shi, J. B. Wu, L. Y. Meng, X. Gao, P. J. Griffin, X. H. Xiao, H.-M. Tsai, H. Zhou, X. B. Zuo, Q. Zhang, M. Q. Chu, Q. T. Zhang, Y. Gao, L. K. Roth, R. Bleher, Z. Y. Ma, Z. Jiang, J. P. Yue, C.-M. Kao, C.-T. Chen, A. Tokmakoff, J. Wang, H. M. Jaeger, B. Z. Tian, Dynamic and programmable cellular-scale granules enable tissue-like materials. Matter, 2020, DOI: 10.1016/j.matt.2020.01.008. Link



Year 2019:

  • M. Y. Rotenberg, N. Yamamoto, E. N. Schaumann, L. Matino, F. Santoro, B. Z. Tian, Living myofibroblast-silicon composites for probing electrical coupling in cardiac systems. PNAS, 2019, 116, 22531-22539. Link


  • B. Z. Tian, Nongenetic neural control with light, Science, 2019, 365, 457, DOI: 10.1126/science.aay4351 (Prize essay) Link
  • H. Acaron Ledesma, X. Li, J. L. Carvalho-de-Souza, W. Wei, F. Bezanilla, B. Z. Tian, An atlas of nano-enabled neural interfaces. Nature Nanotechnology, 2019, 14, 645-657. Link
  • Y. Fang, B. Z. Tian, Curving neural nanobioelectronics. Nature Nanotechnology, 2019, DOI: 10.1038/s41565-019-0503-1 (News and Views). Link
  • B. Z. Tian, C. M. Lieber, Nanowired bioelectric interfaces. Chemical Reviews, 2019, 119, 9136-9152. Link
  • Y. W. Jiang*, R. Parameswaran*, X. Li*, J. L. Carvalo-de-Souza*, X. Gao, L. Meng, F. Bezanilla, G. M. G. Shepherd, B. Z. Tian, Nongenetic optical neuromodulation with silicon-based materials. Nature Protocols, 2019, DOI: s41596-019-0135-9. Link


Year 2018:

  • Y. W. Jiang, B. Z. Tian, Inorganic semiconductor biointerfaces. Nature Reviews Materials, 2018, Link
  • R. Parameswaran*, K. Koehler*, M. Rotenberg, M. Burke, J. Kim, K.-Y. Jeong, B. Hissa, M. Paul, K. Moreno, N. Sarma, T. Hayes, E. Sudzilovsky, H.-G. Park, B. Z. Tian, Optical stimulation of cardiac cells with a polymer-supported silicon nanowire matrix. PNAS, 2018, in press. Link
  • R. Parameswaran, B. Z. Tian, Rational design of semiconductor nanostructures for functional subcellular interfaces. Accounts of Chemical Research, 2018, DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00555 (Invited review). Link
  • Y. W. Jiang*, X. J. Li*, B. Liu*, J. Yi, Y. Fang, F. Y. Shi, X. Gao, E. Sudzilovsky, R. Parameswaran, K. Koehler, V. Nair, J. Yue, K. H. Guo, Y. Fang, H.-M. Tsai, G. Freyermuth, R. C. S. Wong, C.-M. Kao, C.-T. Chen, A. W. Nicholls, X. Y. Wu, G. M. G. Shepherd, B. Z. Tian, Rational design of silicon structures for optically-controlled multiscale biointerfaces. Nature Biomedical Engineering, 2018, doi:10.1038/s41551-018-0230-1 ( Link  Also see: Y. W. Jiang, Tailoring silicon for optically controlled, non-genetic biological modulation (Behind-the-paper). Link


  • R. Parameswaran*, J. Carvalho-de-Souza*, Y. W. Jiang, M. J. Burke, J. F. Zimmerman, K. Koehler, A. W. Phillips, J. Yi, E. J. Adams, F. Bezanilla, B. Z. Tian. Photoelectrochemical modulation of neuronal activity with free-standing coaxial silicon nanowires. Nature Nanotechnology, 2018, Link



Year 2017:

  • Y. Fang*, Y. W. Jiang*, M. J. Cherukara*, F. Y. Shi, K. Koehler, G. Freyermuth, D. Isheim, B. Narayanan, A. W. Nicholls, D. N. Seidman, S. K. R. S. Sankaranarayanan, B. Z. Tian. Alloy-assisted deposition of three-dimensional arrays of atomic gold catalyst for crystal growth studies. Nature Communications, 2017, 8, article number: 2014. Link
  • J. Yi*, Y. C. Wang*, Y. W. Jiang, I. W. Jung, W. J. Liu, V. De Andrade, R. Q. Xu, R. Parameswaran, I. R. Peters, R. Divan, X. H. Xiao, T. Sun, Y. Lee, W. I. Park, and B. Z. Tian. 3D calcite heterostructures for dynamic and deformable mineralized matrices. Nature Communications, 2017, 8, article number: 509. Link


Year 2016:

  • J. F. Zimmerman, R. Parameswaran, G. Murray, Y. Wang, M. Burke, B. Z. Tian. Cellular uptake and dynamics of unlabeled freestanding silicon nanowires. Science Advances, 2016, 2:e1601039. Link


  • Y. W. Jiang*, J. Carvalho-de-Souza*, R. Wong*, Z. Q. Luo, D. Isheim, X. B. Zuo, A. W. Nicholls, I. W. Jung, J. P. Yue, D.-J. Liu, Y. C. Wang, V. De Andrade, X. H. Xiao, L. Navrazhnykh, D. E. Weiss, X. Y. Wu, D. N. Seidman, F. Bezanilla, and B. Z. Tian. Heterogeneous silicon mesostructures for lipid-supported bioelectric interfaces. Nature Materials, 2016, 15, 1023-1030. Link



Year 2015:

  • Z. Q. Luo*, Y. W. Jiang*, B. D. Myers, D. Isheim, J. S. Wu, J. F. Zimmerman, Z. A. Wang, Q. Q. Li, Y. C. Wang, X. Q. Chen, V. P. Dravid, D. N. Seidman and B. Z. Tian, Atomic gold-enabled three-dimensional lithography for silicon mesostructures. Science, 2015, 348, 1451-1455. Link



Year 2013:

  • B. Z. Tian and C. M. Lieber, Synthetic nanoelectronic probes for biological cells and tissue. Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry, 2013, 6, 31-51. (invited review) Link


Before UChicago:

  • B. Z. Tian*, J. Liu*, T. Dvir*, L. H. Jin, J. H. Tsui, Q. Qing, Z. G. Suo, R. Langer, D. S. Kohane and C. M. Lieber, Macroporous nanowire nanoelectronic scaffolds for synthetic tissues, Nature Mater., 2012, 11, 986-994. Link


  • B. Z. Tian*, T. Cohen-Karni*, Q. Qing, X. J. Duan, P. Xie and C. M. Lieber, Three-dimensional, flexible nanoscale field-effect transistors as localized bioprobes, Science, 2010, 329, 830-834. Link
  • B. Z. Tian, P. Xie, T. J. Kempa, D.C. Bell and C. M. Lieber, Single crystalline kinked semiconductor nanowire superstructures, Nature Nanotechnol., 2009, 4, 824-829. Link
  • B. Z. Tian, T. J. Kempa and C. M. Lieber, Single nanowire photovoltaics, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2009, 38, 16-24. (invited review) (inside cover highlight) Link
  • B. Z. Tian*, X. L. Zheng*, T. J. Kempa, Y. Fang, N.F. Yu, G.H. Yu, J.L. Huang and C.M. Lieber, Coaxial silicon nanowires as solar cells and nanoelectronic power sources, Nature, 2007, 449, 885-888. Link
  • B. Z. Tian, X. Y. Liu, B. Tu, C. Z. Yu, J. Fan, L. M. Wang, S. H. Xie, G. D. Stucky and D. Y. Zhao, Self-adjusted synthesis of ordered stable mesoporous minerals by acid-base pairs, Nature Mater., 2003, 2, 159-163. Link
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